Demo of the coffee being siphoned out of the Moka Pot. Wrote a bit about this fine instrument of coffee extraction here:
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The moka pot, also known as a macchinetta (literally “small machine”), is a stove-top or electric coffee maker that produces coffee by passing boiling water pressurized by steam through ground coffee. It was patented for the first time in Italy by the inventor Luigi De Ponti for Alfonso Bialetti in 1933. Bialetti Industrie continues to produce the same model under the name “Moka Express”.
The moka pot is most commonly used in Europe (especially Italy and Spain) and in Latin America. It has become an iconic design, displayed in modern industrial art and design museums such as the Wolfsonian-FIU, Museum of Modern Art, the Cooper–Hewitt, National Design Museum, the Design Museum, and the London Science Museum. They come in different sizes, from one to eighteen 50 ml (2 imp fl oz; 2 US fl oz) servings. The original design and many current models are made from aluminium with Bakelite handles.
Moka pots are used over a flame or electric range and are traditionally made of aluminium, though they are sometimes made out of stainless steel or other alloys.
“Brikka” is a modified moka pot manufactured by Bialetti. It incorporates a weighted valve as a pressure regulator on top of the nozzle that allows pressure to build up inside the water tank in a manner similar to a pressure cooker. As pressure builds up more quickly in this method (since there is much less leakage of vapour) compared to the standard moka pot, it reaches the level required for water to rise through the ground coffee in a shorter time. However, the weighted valve allows pressure to accumulate and temperature to rise somewhat further before the liquid bursts through the nozzle. The result is coffee brewed at a higher pressure and temperature than the standard pot, making it more similar to espresso and therefore with more visible crema.
Also the design oriented Italian kitchenware manufacturer Serafino Zani is known for his moka pots: “Finlandia” designed by Tapio Wirkkala, “Mach” designed by Isao Hosoe and awarded with the Good Design Award (Chicago) 1993, “Thema” in stainess steel with titanium, and “Genesis” in stainless steel and copper, both designed by Tarcisio Zani.
Vev Viganò is an Italian manufacturer that specialises in stainless steel moka pots. Their product lines include Kontessa, Itaca, Vespress, and Carioca. In 2004 they produced a caffettiera ‘UFO’ designed by Vinod Gangotra, designed to receive two coffee cups that sit in recesses on the upper half of the machine and collect the coffee as it’s brewed. The upper part is made from cast aluminium whilst the lower from stainless steel.
Bellman makes a stainless steel moka pot, the “CX-25 Series”, operating at higher pressure and capable of creating a crema. It also has a wand to steam liquids, such as milk for cappuccino.
The brand Volturno has been manufacturing moka pots in Argentina for many decades; the name Volturno is sometimes used synonymously with moka pot there.
Top Moka, another Italian manufacturer, offers two different styles of moka pots in a wide variety of colours. The more traditional Top Moka pot comes in sizes varying from two- to six-shot boilers. They also make mini moka pots in one- and two-shot sizes that use dispensing arcs rather than the standard collection chamber. Both are available with aluminium boilers for standard cooktops or titanium-alloy boilers for induction stoves.